The following selected publications support the clinical efficacy of da Vinci Cardiac Surgery.

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Mitral Valve Repair
Cardiac Rsynchronization
Cardiac Revascularization
Cardiac Tissue Ablation
Atrial Septal Defect Repair
General Cardiac Surgery
Other Applications
Mitral Valve Repair

Murphy DA, Miller JS, Langford DA. Endoscopic robotic mitral valve surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Apr;133(4):1119-20; author reply 1120. Partial text.

Murphy D, Smith JM, Siwek L, Langford DA, Robinson JR, Reynolds B, Seshadri-Kreaden U, Engel AM. Multicenter Mitral Valve Study: A Lateral Approach Using the da Vinci Surgical System. Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery. 2007 March; 2(2): 56-61. Abstract.

Nifong LW, Chitwood WR, Pappas PS, Smith CR, Argenziano M, Starnes VA, Shah PM. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a United States multicenter trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jun;129(6):1395-404. Abstract.

Morgan JA, Thornton BA, Peacock JC, Hollingsworth KW, Smith CR, Oz MC, Argenziano M. Does robotic technology make minimally invasive cardiac surgery too expensive? A hospital cost analysis of robotic and conventional techniques.1: J Card Surg. 2005 May-Jun;20(3):246-51. Abstract.

Felger JE, Reade CC, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robot-assisted sutureless minimally invasive mitral valve repair. Surg Technol Int. 2004;12:185-7. Abstract.

Kypson AP, Felger JE, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotics in valvular surgery: 2003 and beyond. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2004 Mar;19(2):128-33. Review. Abstract.

Tatooles AJ, Pappas PS, Gordon PJ, Slaughter MS. Minimally invasive mitral valve repair using the da Vinci robotic system. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Jun;77(6):1978-82; discussion 1982-4. Abstract.

Chitwood WR Jr, Kypson AP, Nifong LW. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a technologic and economic revolution for heart centers. Am Heart Hosp J. 2003;1:30-39. Abstract. PDF.

Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Apr;15(2):121-9. Abstract.

Reade CC, Bower CE, Maziarz DM, Conquest AM, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robot-assisted sutureless minimally invasive mitral valve repair. Surg Technol Int. 2004;12:185-7. Abstract.

Cardiac Resynchronization

DeRose JJ, Ashton RC, Belsley S, Swistel DG, Vloka M, Ehlert F, Shaw R, Sackner-Bernstein J, Hillel Z, Steinberg JS. Robotically assisted left ventricular epicardial lead implantation for biventricular pacing. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003 Apr 16;41(8):1414-9. Abstract.

DeRose JJ Jr, Belsley S, Swistel DG, Shaw R, Ashton RC Jr. Robotically assisted left ventricular epicardial lead implantation for biventricular pacing: the posterior approach. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Apr;77(4):1472-4. Abstract.

DeRose JJ Jr, Kypson AP. Robotic arrhythmia surgery and resynchronization. Am J Surg. 2004 Oct;188(4A Suppl):104S-111S. Review. Abstract.

Jansens JL, Jottrand M, Preumont N, Stoupel E, de Canniere D. Robotic-enhanced biventricular resynchronization: an alternative to endovenous cardiac resynchronization therapy in chronic heart failure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Aug;76(2):413-7; discussion 417. Abstract.

Morgan JA, Morales DL, John R, Ginsburg ME, Kherani AR, Vigilance DW, Cheema FH, Smith CR Jr, Oz MC, Argenziano M. Endoscopic, robotically assisted implantation of phrenic pacemakers. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Aug;126(2):582-3. PDF.

Cardiac Revascularization

Argenziano M, Katz M, Bonatti J, Srivastava S, Murphy D, Poirier R, Loulmet D, Siwek L, Kreaden U, Ligon D; TECAB Trial Investigators. Results of the prospective multicenter trial of robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. 1: Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 May;81(5):1666-74; discussion 1674-5. Abstract.

Katz MR, Van Praet F, de Canniere D, Murphy D, Siwek L, Seshadri-Kreaden U, Friedrich G, Bonatti J.Integrated coronary revascularization: percutaneous coronary intervention plus robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass. 1: Circulation. 2006 Jul 4;114(1 Suppl):I473-6. Abstract. Full text.

Srivastava S, Gadasalli S, Agusala M, Kolluru R, Naidu J, Shroff M, Barrera R, Quismundo S, Srivastava V. Use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries in CABG through lateral thoracotomy with robotic assistance in 150 patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar;81(3):800-6; discussion 806. Abstract.

Subramanian VA, Patel NU, Patel NC, Loulmet DF. Robotic assisted multivessel minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass with port-access stabilization and cardiac positioning: paving the way for outpatient coronary surgery? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 May;79(5):1590-6; discussion 1590-6. Abstract.

Bolotin G, Scott WW Jr, Austin TC, Charland PJ, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Salleng K, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic skeletonizing of the internal thoracic artery: is it safe? Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Apr;77(4):1262-5. Abstract.

Bolton JW, Connally JE. Results of a phase one study on robotically assisted myocardial revascularization on the beating heart. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Jul;78(1):154-8; discussion 154-8. Abstract.

Bonatti J, Schachner T, Bernecker O, Chevtchik O, Bonaros N, Ott H, Friedrich G, Weidinger F, Laufer G. Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass: program development and learning curve issues. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb;127(2):504-10. Abstract.

Budde RPJ, Dessing TC, Meijer R, Bakker PFA, Borst C, Grundeman PF. Robot-assisted 13 MHz epicardial ultrasound for endoscopic quality assessment of coronary anastomoses. Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery. 2004 (3): 616–620. Abstract. PDF.

Bucerius J, Metz S, Walther T, Falk V, Doll N, Noack F, Holzhey D, Diegeler A, Mohr FW. Endoscopic internal thoracic artery dissection leads to significant reduction of pain after minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Apr;73(4):1180-4. Abstract.

Casula R, Athanasiou T. Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass on the beating heart in Jehovah’s Witness and HIV patients: case report. Heart Surg Forum. 2004 Apr 1;7(2):E174-6. Abstract.

Casula R, Athanasiou T, Foale R. Recent advances in minimal-access cardiac surgery using robotic-enhanced surgical systems. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2004 Jul;2(4):589-600. Abstract.

Farhat F, Aubert S, Blanc P, Jegaden O. Totally endoscopic off-pump bilateral internal thoracic artery bypass grafting. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2004 Oct;26(4):845-7. Abstract.

Wimmer-Greinecker G, Deschka H, Aybek T, Mierdl S, Moritz A, Dogan S. Current status of robotically assisted coronary revascularization. Am J Surg. 2004 Oct;188(4A Suppl):76S-82S. Review. Abstract.

Falk V, Jacobs S, Gummert JF, Walther T, Mohr FW. Computer-enhanced endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting: the da Vinci experience. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Apr;15(2):104-11. Review. Abstract.

Falk V, Walther T, Stein H, Jacobs S, Walther C, Rastan A, Wimmer-Greinecker G, Mohr FW. Facilitated endoscopic beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting using a magnetic coupling device. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Nov;126(5):1575-9. Abstract.

Stein H, Cichon R, Wimmer-Greinecker G, Ikeda M, Hutchison D, Falk V. Totally endoscopic multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery using the da Vinci surgical system: a feasibility study on cadaveric models. Heart Surg Forum. 2003;6(6):E183-90. Abstract.

Dogan S, Aybek T, Andressen E, Byhahn C, Mierdl S, Westphal K, Matheis G, Moritz A, Wimmer-Greinecker G. Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass with robotically enhanced telemanipulation: report of forty-five cases. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jun;123(6):1125-31. Abstract.

Cardiac Tissue Ablation

Reade CC, Johnson JO, Bolotin G, Freund WL Jr, Jenkins NL, Bower CE, Masroor S, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Combining robotic mitral valve repair and microwave atrial fibrillation ablation: techniques and initial results. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb;79(2):480-4. Abstract.

Bolotin G, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotically-assisted left atrial fibrillation ablation and mitral valve repair through a right mini-thoracotomy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Oct;78(4):e63-4. Abstract.

Gerosa G, Bianco R, Buja G, di Marco F. Totally endoscopic robotic-guided pulmonary veins ablation: an alternative method for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2004 Aug;26(2):450-2. Abstract.

Jansens JL, Ducart A, Preumont N, Jottrand M, Stefanidis C, Stoupel E, de Canniere D. Pulmonary vein isolation by robotic-enhanced thoracoscopy for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Heart Surg Forum. 2004;7(6):E595-8. Abstract.

Argenziano M, Williams MR. Robotic atrial septal defect repair and endoscopic treatment of atrial fibrillation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Apr;15(2):130-40. Abstract.

Atrial Septal Defect Repair

Argenziano M, Oz MC, Kohmoto T, Morgan J, Dimitui J, Mongero L, Beck J, Smith CR. Totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair with robotic assistance. Circulation. 2003 Sep 9;108 Suppl 1:II191-4. Abstract. PDF.

Resley J, Fitzgerald D, Albus R, Massimiano P. Pericardial patch closure of an atrial septal defect using endoscopic robotic technology. Perfusion. 2003 Nov;18(6):365-7. Abstract.

Wimmer-Greinecker G, Dogan S, Aybek T, Khan MF, Mierdl S, Byhahn C, Moritz A. Totally endoscopic atrial septal repair in adults with computer-enhanced telemanipulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Aug;126(2):465-8. Abstract.

General Cardiac Surgery

Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Building a surgical robotics program. Am J Surg. 2004 Oct;188(4A Suppl):16S-18S. Abstract.

Rayman R. Robot-assisted cardiac surgery. Semin Laparosc Surg. 2004 Jun;11(2):73-9. Abstract.


Boyd WD, Stahl KD. The Janus syndrome: a perspective on a new era of computer-enhanced robotic cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Sep;126(3):625-30. PDF.

Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic cardiac surgery. J Long Term Eff Med Implants. 2003;13(6):451-64. Abstract.

Other Applications

Folliguet TA, Vanhuyse F, Magnano D, Laborde F. Robotic aortic valve replacement: case report.Heart Surg Forum. 2004;7(6):E551-3. Abstract.

Killewich LA, Cindrick-Pounds LL, Gomez G. Robot-assisted laparoscopic aortic reconstruction for occlusive disease-a case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2004 Jan-Feb;38(1):83-7. Abstract.

While clinical studies support the effectiveness of the da Vinci® System when used in minimally invasive surgery, individual results may vary. Surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System may not be appropriate for every individual. Always ask your doctor about all treatment options, as well as their risks and benefits.